Nitric Oxide Synthase 2, Inducible (NOS2)
NOS2A; INOS; HEP-NOS; I-NOS; Hepatocytes Oxide Synthase
Nitric oxide synthase 2A
(inducible, hepatocytes)is an enzyme encoded by the NOS2
gene. is produced by a group of enzymes called nitric oxide synthases (NOS). These enzymes catalyze the production of NO and L-citrulline from L-arginine, O2, and NADPH-derived electrons. Mammalian systems contain three well-characterized isoforms of the enzyme: neuronal NOS (nNOS, also called NOS1), inducible NOS (iNOS or NOS2), and endothelial NOS (eNOS or NOS3). The names reflect characteristics of the activity or the original tissues in which the enzymes were first described, but it is now known that each of these isoforms is expressed in a variety of tissues and cell types . The three main isoforms share structural similarities and have nearly identical catalytic mechanisms.