Microtubule Associated Protein Tau (MAPt)
Tau Protein; MAPT; DDPAC; FTDP-17; MAPTL; MSTD; MTBT1; MTBT2; PPND; G Protein Beta1/Gamma2 Subunit-Interacting Factor 1
is a highly soluble microtubule-associated protein (MAP). In humans, these proteins are mostly found in neurons compared to non-neuronal cells. One of tau's main functions is to modulate the stability of axonal microtubules. Tau is not present in dendrites and is active primarily in the distal portions of axons where it provides microtubule stabilization but also flexibility as needed. This contrasts with STOP proteins in the proximal portions of axons which essentially lock down the microtubules and MAP2 that stabilizes microtubules in dendrites. The tau gene locates on chromosome 17q21, containing 16 exons. The major tau protein in the human brain is encoded by 11 exons. Exon 2, 3 and 10 are alternative spliced, allowing six combinations (2-3-10-; 2+3-10-; 2+3+10-; 2-3-10+; 2+3-10+; 2+3+10+).
Organism species: Homo sapiens (Human)
Organism species: Mus musculus (Mouse)
Organism species: Rattus norvegicus (Rat)