Insulin Like Growth Factor 1 (IGF1)
IGFI; IGF1A; Somatomedin C
Insulin-like Growth Factor I
is a member of the insulin superfamily. It was originally discovered as a mediator of growth hormone actions on somatic cell growth, but has also been shown to be an important regulator of cell metabolism, differentiation and survival. IGF-I is synthesized as a preproprotein that is proteolytically cleaved to generate the mature protein linked by three disulfide bonds.
Mature IGF-I is highly conserved among mammals, with 100% sequence identity between the Porcine, bovine, porcine, equine and canine proteins. IGF-I is synthesized in the liver and multiple other tissues. It is found in blood and other body fluids as a complex with specific high affinity IGF binding proteins (IGFBP-1to-6).