Antigen Peptide Transporter 2 (TAP2)
ABC18; ABCB3; APT2; PSF2; RING11; Transporter 2,ATP-Binding Cassette,Sub-Family B(MDR/TAP)
is a a member of the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. This protein is a member of the MDR/TAP subfamily. Members of the MDR/TAP subfamily are involved in multidrug resistance. This gene is located 7 kb telomeric to gene family member ABCB2. The protein encoded by this gene is involved in antigen presentation. This protein forms a heterodimer with ABCB2 in order to transport peptides from the cytoplasm to the endoplasmic reticulum. Mutations in this gene may be associated with ankylosing spondylitis, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and celiac disease. Alternative splicing of this gene produces two products which differ in peptide selectivity and level of restoration of surface expression of MHC class I molecules.